Showing posts from 2010

Unexpected Name-Change Brick Wall Busted!

The man who wasn’t 
John Charles Brown?

Secrecy, Genealogical Research, Hunches, and DNA Testing Lead to Answers

For 130 years – from 1880 to 2010 – John Charles Brown’s past was hidden in veils of secrecy.  John’s children and grandchildren didn’t know who his parents or siblings were.  It was the proverbial genealogical brick wall.  Therefore, since this was one of my most difficult family lines I could research, I researched it.


For many years, the first confirmed record found of John Charles Brown was of his marriage to Catherine Connors on 13 April 1887 in Idaho, when he would have been 27 years old.  This was followed by the 1900, 1910, and 1920 Census records, which all list him as being born in Illinois and both of his parents as being born in Pennsylvania.

John Charles Brown's death certificate indicates that he was born in Ottawa, Illinois, on 24 December 1858, and lists his father as Michael Brown from Pennsylvania.  So far, these particulars are in agreement with the above Census records.  However, on the death certificate, John’s mother’s name is in error.  The witness, Charlie Brown (John’s son), accidentally records his own mother (John’s wife), Catherine Connors, as John’s mother.  Based on what I know now, I wonder if this really was an accident.

So we know all about John Charles Brown from age 28 onward, but where in the world was John from his birth in December 1858 through his marriage in April 1887…his first 28 years of life?


As I mentioned, John’s children and grandchildren knew very little about whom John’s parents or siblings were, but there were a few clues.  Cathryn Bilyeu Jensen, granddaughter of John Charles Brown, shared her memories of John with me in a phone conversation in December 2008.  She was always told by John and his children that:
•           John’s father was a tailor; John could remember his father sewing at the table
•           John was from Illinois
•           John ran away when he was 12 years old

Given the second-hand facts and stories shown above, for the last couple of years I have searched for more information on a John Charles Brown from Illinois, with a father named Michael from Pennsylvania, and a mother also from Pennsylvania.  I searched Census records with endless alternate spellings and misspellings and possible nicknames; I searched for tailors; and I searched for church records from Ottawa, IL.  [Because John Charles Brown was born in 1858, before birth certificates were recorded in Illinois, alternate birth records such as church records had to be relied upon].  Over those years, I did these and literally hundreds of other searches exhaustively to no avail.


As I learn of new databases from Illinois or Idaho, I often run searches for John Charles Brown in the event that I might get lucky.  Finally, on 9 August 2010, I ran a search on the FamilySearch website in a newly digitized database entitled "Idaho Marriages, 1878-1898; 1903-1942" for a John Brown with a spouse’s maiden name of Connors.  A record appeared that shows John Charles Brown's and Catherine Connors marriage as expected on 13 April 1887 (confirmed by other marriage records). 

Most surprisingly, for the first time ever, this record includes the names of John Charles Brown’s parents:  Michael Brown and Lucille Faust.  See record image below.  
Click to Enlarge

After this discovery, I ordered the microfilm of the record to confirm that the names had been properly transcribed, and to see if there were other clues.  There were no other clues.  [As an unrelated aside, the bride’s mother’s maiden name is actually Diamond per many other records, even though this record shows Drummond.]  See image of microfilm below.
                                                                                                                                            Groom’s Parents:
Click to Enlarge

          Bride’s Parents:           Witnesses:


Given the above information, over the next few days, I proceeded to search for John Charles Brown’s newly discovered parents:  Michael Brown and Lucille Faust Brown.  I looked for them living in Illinois in 1860, both born in Pennsylvania, occupation listed as tailor, and who had a 2 year old boy named John Charles Brown born in Illinois.  Even with many different attempts at alternate spellings and such, they simply could not be found in Illinois, Pennsylvania, or apparently anywhere else on the planet.  Even with the new information, it was déjà vu.


After searching based on many other variations of the above apparent facts, I then proceeded to perform more obscure searches.  On a hunch, I dropped the surname from the search and searched just for first names Michael and Luc* (a wildcard search since I didn’t know if she would be listed as Lucille or perhaps Lucy), living in or near Ottawa, Illinois in 1860, occupation tailor, who were both born in Pennsylvania, and who had a two year old boy named John Charles born in Illinois.  There was only one match: a Michael Baumgardner, married to a Lucinda, occupation tailor, both born in Pennsylvania, and having a two year old boy named Charles who was born in Illinois.  See this 1860 Census record below.
Click to Enlarge

This 1860 census record has ample near-matches to what we know of John Charles Brown from the facts and stories gathered over the years:
  • The family in this 1860 census record is living in Ottawa, Illinois -- John Charles Brown’s apparent birth place per his death certificate.  Incidentally, Ottawa is a town with a population of only 18,000 people in the year 2000…it was much smaller in 1860.
  • In this 1860 census record, there’s a two year old boy named Charles in the household who is listed as born in Illinois; census and death records for John Charles Brown state that he was born in 1858 in Illinois, so this fits.
  • The parents’ first names on this 1860 census record are Michael and Lucinda [later found to be named Lucetta]; this is a very close match to the parent’s names listed on John Charles Brown’s marriage certificate:  Michael and Lucille.
  • Both Michael and Lucinda in this 1860 census record are listed as being born in Pennsylvania (in about 1821 and 1824, respectively), matching what John Charles Brown had always stated as his parents’ birthplace.
  • And to put a cherry on top, the father in the 1860 census record, Michael Baumgardner, is shown with an occupation of “tailor”.


With this fantastic – and surprising – Baumgardner find, I felt I was beginning to form a decent circumstantial hypothesis that this Charles Baumgardner is the boy that later became John Charles Brown.  I needed to work on substantiating or refuting this, so I began by looking for other family trees online for a Michael Baumgardner who married a Luc* Faust.  I found a tree on entitled “Godfrey/Fry/Baumgartner/Miller” by a Chuck Godfrey which shows a Michael Baumgartner, born 1821 in Pennsylvania married to a Lucetta Faust; he shows this family living in Ottawa, Illinois in 1860.  No parents, children, or siblings are listed for Michael Baumgartner and Lucetta Faust in Chuck’s tree, so no more can be ascertained.  I sent an e-mail to Chuck to find out where he received the information on the Ottawa Baumgardners; the information was from a Walker Baumgardner of Gainesville, Georgia, who had in turn received the information from a cousin in Ohio.  Based on that information, it is believed that Walker’s great great Grandfather, John Baumgardner, is an older brother of Michael Baumgardner.  This Baumgardner family came from Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, which was later confirmed as Michael Baumgardner’s birthplace per his Civil War Pension file.

So, I had some corroborating information from Chuck and Walker regarding Michael Brown and Lucetta Faust, but they didn’t have further information on their son Charles Baumgardner.  I needed to find more historical records on Charles to see whether or not they supported my hypothesis, so I began by searching across multiple Census records, which ultimately included the 1850 Federal, 1860 Federal, 1865 Illinois State, 1870 Federal, 1875 Kansas State, 1880 Federal, 1885 Kansas State, 1900 Federal, and 1910 Federal Censuses.  The son Charles Baumgardner was living with the Michael and Lucetta Baumgardner family in all the right places at the right times, until 1880, where he was no longer listed with the his parents (his parents were living in Reno County, Kansas in 1875 through at least 1885).  Instead, in 1880, Charles Baumgardner is found living in Albuquerque, New Mexico, age 22, unmarried, occupation farmer, stating that both of his parents were born in Pennsylvania.  In that record, he is living with 35 and 31 year old farmers named Robinson, one unmarried and one married male, both from Canada.  I later determined that the 31-year old J.C. Robinson was the husband of Charles Baumgardner’s older sister, Emma Jane Baumgardner.

Another piece of circumstantial evidence that John Charles Brown and Charles Baumgardner is the same person is that Michael and Lucetta’s children’s names include Harvey and Emma, names which John Charles Brown chooses to name two of his children.

After the 1880 census record, I could not locate a single record of a man with the name Charles Baumgardner (including many alternate spellings) whose details match those known; and remember, before the 1887 marriage record, I could not locate a John Charles Brown record that fits – even though he should appear in the 1860 and 1870 Census records, at a minimum. 

So, I could not locate a Charles Baumgardner after the 1880 Census, nor a John Charles Brown in or before the 1880 Census, with one exception: there is one other John Brown, born 1858, in the 1860 and 1870 Ottawa, La Salle County, Illinois Census, the son of a Thomas and Elizabeth Brown who were both born in Ireland; Thomas’ occupation is shown as “clerk in store”.  I had explored this family as the possible parents of John Charles Brown for over a year.  But not only do the parents’ names, birth locations, or occupations not match what we know of John Charles Brown, but also I had ordered the baptism certificate for this other John Brown, in which he is shown as born 20 June 1858, a full 6-months before the 24 December 1858 birth date of Charles Baumgardner a.k.a. John Charles Brown.  Based on all of this conflicting information, I increasingly ruled out this other Brown family.

Accordingly, if my hypothesis is true, then the next record of Charles Baumgardner is in Silver City, Idaho, where he is listed as J. C. Brown, a registered guest at the Idaho Hotel, per the 5 November 1881 issue of the Owyhee Avalanche newspaper.  Further records from 1883-1886 show J. C. Brown or John Brown around Jordan Valley on the Oregon/Idaho border, and near Silver City, Idaho.  Finally, as we already know, our confirmed John Charles Brown is found in this same vicinity in his marriage record dated 13 April 1887 with bride Catherine Connors.

Based on all of this circumstantial evidence, I believed the odds were quite favorable that Charles Baumgardner and John Charles Brown are one and the same man.  But I wished there was a way to prove it.


What about DNA testing?  If I could find a living direct male descendant of John Charles Brown, I could see if he was interested in having a y-DNA test done.  He could use FamilyTreeDNA, the leading genealogical DNA testing firm who has tested over 200,000 people’s y-DNA across over 100,000 unique surnames. This living direct male descendant’s y-DNA test results could be matched against all these other people who had ever tested with FamilyTreeDNA, and we could see which surnames he matched with!

I remembered that back in January 2010, I had contacted Dan Brown, a paternal grandson of John Charles Brown.  I had given him access to my private online family tree on, and over the following weeks we had exchanged information about John Charles Brown’s family.  In sticking with family tradition, Dan also didn’t know who the parents or siblings of John Charles Brown were.  I shared my theory on John Charles Brown really being Charles Baumgardner, and he became increasingly curious to get to the bottom of it. Over the next couple of months, Dan decided he would like to get a DNA test done and see if that could prove or disprove whether John Charles Brown was really a Baumgardner.

In early October 2010, Dan sent his cheek swab into FamilyTreeDNA and on 23 November 2010 he received notification of the results of his y-DNA test.  I assisted him with reviewing the results and it settled the matter once and for all.  The results of his DNA test show that Dan Brown has several very close Baumgardner matches, and one exact match!  Also, equally important, Dan has absolutely no matches whatsoever whose surname is Brown. This proves that Dan Brown, and his paternal grandfather, John Charles Brown, are really Baumgardners.

The closest matches that Dan Brown has are with men named Barry John Baumgardner and Robert Sidney Baumgardner, who show their direct paternal line ancestors as being from Germany and Switzerland, respectively.  What the match means is that Dan Brown and Barry and Robert share a common great great Grandfather (we don’t know how many “greats”) very likely within the last 8 generations.


So what caused Charles Baumgardner to change his name between June 1880 in Albuquerque and November 1881 in Silver City, Idaho?  And who are Michael Baumgardner’s parents and where did they come from?  And how is Dan Brown’s Baumgardner line related to Barry or Robert’s Baumgardner lines?  And did Charles Baumgardner’s parents and siblings know what became of him and who he was after 1880?  Who knows if we’ll ever have answers to these questions, but one thing is for certain:  we can stop searching for Brown ancestors.

- Randy Majors (randymajors at gmail dot com)
great great Grandson of Charles Baumgardner a.k.a. John Charles Brown
August - November 2010

New Year's Eve Snow

Playing with the camera on my Blackberry Torch


Majors and Moore family histories published

Majors and Moore regional family histories were recently published in the book Great Sage Plain to Timberline, Our Pioneer History by the Montezuma County Historical Society.

I submitted the article on the Majors family, which is shown here.

The William Andrew “Andy” Majors Family
Settled in McElmo Canyon from the Oklahoma Indian Territory in 1887

Having crossed the plains in a wagon-train, William Andrew “Andy” Majors arrived in McElmo Canyon 17 Aug 1887 from the Oklahoma Indian Territory, along with Henry Bowdish and George Edmonson.  The following summer, Andy Majors ran the plow teams building the Lone Pine and Hermosa ditches of the Montezuma Valley.  For many years, Andy engaged in sheep farming, stock raising, and various agriculture in the McElmo Canyon and Cortez areas, and he ran a lumber mill for a time near Mancos.  Andy was an honest, friendly, and industrious man loved by all around him, but he experienced many tragedies in life as well.

Andy Majors was born 12 Jan 1854 in Sparta, Illinois to William Riley Majors and Mary Icophena Farmer Majors.  Andy’s mother died in Illinois when he was only five years old.  After some time, Andy moved with his father to Phelps County, Missouri, where his father remarried in 1873, and Andy married at age 21 in the same place in 1875 to Louisa “Emmaline” Black.  Andy and his father and their families then homesteaded in Cowley County, Kansas in 1880 and 1878, respectively.  Andy’s father died one year later in 1881.  After that, Andy and his family moved on to the Osage Nation in Oklahoma Indian Territory in the fall of 1883, where they lived near Coody’s Bluff for a time.  But the pioneer spirit called for Andy, and he, his wife, and three children, Jesse, Perry, and Etta Bell hopped upon that wagon train for the Montezuma Valley in 1887.

Sadly, after just arriving in McElmo Canyon, Andy’s wife died just a few days after giving birth to their fourth child, Harry, and Harry died a few months later.  Andy was only 34 years old at the time, and never remarried.

Andy raised his two sons and daughter raising stock, and engaged in sheep farming.  In the late 1880s and early 1890s, Andy could also be found running his mule train from Durango to Bluff, Utah.  The Mancos Times Tribune from 26 Oct 1918 boasts that “Andy Majors has made the best lamb sale we have thus far heard of and also comes forward with the heaviest lambs.  His lambs averaged nearly 81 pounds and he sold them for 16 ½ cents per head, realizing $13.35 a head on them.  We call that doing well.”

When not working, Andy could also be found at the race tracks racing horses, where he placed the top honors in a number of contests in the area and in Durango in the early 1900s.

Andy’s children were also well-known in the Montezuma Valley.  His oldest son, Jesse Wilbur Majors, later moved to Del Norte and owned the Majors Shoe Shop with an uncle.  Andy’s other son, Perry Lemuel Majors, married into another Four Corners pioneer family when he married Pearl Stinson, daughter of James Stinson.  Andy’s daughter, Etta Bell Majors, married John Thomas Dawson.  All of these families have descendants in the Cortez area still to this day.

Following in his father’s footsteps, Perry Majors raised sheep, stock, and also hogs.  The 20 Mar 1919 Montezuma Journal tells of a hog raised by Perry which was 496 pounds, “easily the banner pig of the county.”

In 1906, Perry’s wife Pearl gave birth to twin boys who died shortly after birth.  But the next year, Perry and Pearl were the proud parents of Perry Glenn “Glen” Majors, and a few years later, James Andrew “Jack” Majors.  Glen Majors went on to run the Green Frog Café and Bar in Dolores (where the Hollywood Bar is today), and his children are well-known Montezuma Valley citizens, including Bill Majors, Lenore Goode, and Don Majors, the long-time president of the Dolores State Bank.  Andy’s daughter, Etta Bell Dawson, also has family in the Cortez area, including son John Sherman Dawson and granddaughter Thyra Diana “Diane” Hurt.

Andy and his family also built a ranch which was located on what is now the northwest corner of North Chestnut Street and West Downey Avenue in Cortez.  While the house is no longer there, the stepping stone can still be seen on the edge of the street.  After many happy years seeing his children and grandchildren prosper, Andy was struck again by tragedy, when his son Perry committed suicide in McElmo Canyon in 1930.  Andy spent his sunset years in San Diego, and died while visiting relatives in Enid, Oklahoma, in 1940, at the age of 86.  Andy, his wife, and a few other family members are buried in the Majors Cemetery, located 3.2 miles west of Highway 160 on McElmo Canyon Road.

Perry’s widow, Pearl, continued to witness more than her fair share of heartbreak, though, when her son, Glen Majors, was shot and killed in 1946 by the Cortez town marshal at the Owl Tavern in Cortez.  But she was blessed with many grandchildren and great grandchildren over the years.  Then, in 1971, Pearl became a great great grandmother, when Randy Majors was born to Rick and Debbie Majors in Durango, where they lived with Pearl during Randy’s first year.  A woman of pioneer spirit to the end, Pearl Majors passed away in Durango in 1978 at the age of 92.

-- Submitted by Randy Majors, great great great grandson of Andy Majors; some photos and background material provided by Diane Dawson Hurt, great granddaughter of Andy Majors.
January 2010

Photo Detective write-up on tintype of my 4th Great Grandfather

Back in July of 2009, Maureen Taylor, the Photo Detective, did a write-up on a "photo" I discovered of my 4th Great Grandfather, William Riley Majors.  In the photo with William were his two children from his first marriage: my 3rd Great Grandfather William Andrew "Andy" Majors and his sister Martha Etta Majors.

The photo was at the house of a 2nd cousin 2 times removed in Cortez, Colorado, but she had not known who was in the photo until we met in October 2008.  So we both made a fantastic discovery that day!
"Electronic files are wonderful for sharing pictures, but nothing compares with looking at the original, especially when you're trying to determine the photographic method. One of the first questions I asked Randy was, "Can you describe the picture?"

There were two types of metal images in the first 20 years of photography. Daguerreotypes are shiny, highly reflective images that are reversed, but tintypes are on a thin sheet of iron and usually varnished. They aren't really shiny. He said that the image was somewhat shiny, but not mirror-like. ..."

Read the full article here:

Frank and Jesse James lived in the same neighborhood as my great great great Grandfather. So THAT'S what my great Grandmother was always alluding to...

Check this out: In 1860, in Clay County, Missouri, Frank and Jesse James are found living in the same neighborhood as my great great great Grandfather James S. Holt. [See 1860 Federal Census images below].  Jesse James and James S. Holt were the same age and would have gone to school together.

Also, by around 1910, still in Clay County, Missouri, James S. Holt's son, Charles N. Holt (my great great Grandfather) can be found living just down the road from Frank James (Jesse James had been shot and killed in 1882). [See map below from around 1910 with the families highlighted].  I remember my great Grandmother (Charles N. Holt's daughter, born in 1908) telling me stories of how she had to walk by the James farm on the way to school each day; you can see the school in the upper-left quadrant of the map below.  Also note the property of Frank and Jesse James' mother, Zerelda Cole James Samuel, just to the west of the Frank James property.  Also highlighted on the map is W. A. Crossett, the nephew of my great great great Grandmother, Sarah Crossett Holt; Sarah was the wife of James S. Holt mentioned above.  

There's also a book that purports to show a link between James S. Holt and Frank and Jesse James.  From page 65 of "Desperate Measures" by Ralph P. Ganis, 2007:
"Presumably, James S. Holt of Clay County was one of those most responsible for leading the [Jesse] James boys to North Carolina.  Holt was born in March 1848 in North Carolina, the son of John and Minerva Pritchett Holt.  He attended the old Bethel School [in Clay County] with [James gang member] Jim Cummins and the James boys, and his friendship with them was likely a critical factor in visits to North Carolina.  James Holt's aunt, Nellie Pritchett Vincent, lived in Thompsonville, North Carolina, and it was here that the James boys were said to have stayed [likely in about 1868]."
"Holt served as a Confederate soldier during the Civil War.  His family moved from Rockingham County, North Carolina to Clay County, Missouri about 1850 or 1851 and settled next to the Cummins family in Washington Township, not far from the James farm.  The Holts knew the Cummins family in North Carolina before moving to Missouri and were very close.  James Holt became smitten with Jim Cummins' first cousin, Sarah Crossett, and the two would eventually marry in 1872."
And from page 69 of the same book:
"Two areas that were visited in northern Rockingham County [in about 1868] by the [James] boys were Spray and Mayfield.  At Mayfield, they stayed at the home of John and Martha (McKinney) Walker.  The Walkers had five sons who had served in the Confederate Army, two dying during the war.  Mrs. Walker had extended family in Clay County, Missouri, and her niece would eventually marry Isaac Lee Pritchett, who was the nephew of Nellie and Minerva Pritchett; therefore, a first cousin of James S. Holt, a companion of Jesse James."


23 September 2004, 9PM.  Using Meade Lunar and Planetary Imager (LPI) on Meade ETX-125 UHTC telescope.

Sun and sunspots

07 November 2004, 347PM.  Using Meade LPI with on ETX-125 UHTC telescope; stacked 20 0.008 second exposures

Jupiter and 4 moons
07 November 2004, 6AM.  Using Meade Lunar and Planetary Imager (LPI) on Meade ETX-125 UHTC telescope; stacked 40 0.088 second exposures.  

Temple, Basilica, Cathedral, and Church

Left to right:  
  1. Wat Arun Rachawararam, the Temple of Dawn, 1-Feb-2004 (Bangkok, Thailand - 17th century)
  2. Saint Basil's basilica, 19-Nov-2003 (Moscow, Russia - 1554)
  3. Saint Louis Cathedral, 4-Aug-2003 (New Orleans, Louisiana, United States - 1720)
  4. Christ Church, 8-Jun-2003 (London, England, United Kingdom - 1845)

Road-trip to Belize, summer of 1990

Map of Belize
Hand-drawn map of Belize, drawn after returning to Colorado.  We began the 1990 driving trip to Belize in Denver, Colorado, traveling through New Mexico, Texas, down along Mexico's Gulf Coast, and into Belize.  Along the way, and in Belize, we camped on the beaches and lived off the land for several weeks.

Ancient Mayan Artifacts
Artifacts discovered at Shipstern, an unexcavated Mayan ruin in northeastern Belize.  Clockwise from upper-left: rock sphere used for grinding grain, bead, human tooth, black coral, small jade cooking axe/knife.

Artifacts from a Shipwreck
Artifacts discovered on the coastline near Shipstern, an unexcavated Mayan ruin in northeastern Belize.

Silver spoon and handle of an ashtray

"Message in a bottle"
The website states the following about this bottle:

- This product was originally sold by Alexander C. Barry of New York City starting around 1842.  The product was for sale well into the 20th century.  There were several other proprietors of Tricopherous, and it's not clear that Barry was the first.  I think that the first Tricopherous was probably produced in Europe. It's possible, however, that Barry had started out over there.
- Barclay registered a trademark for the brand name in 1897 (#29,913), and claimed that he had been selling the brand since 1868.  The labels they used for the product at that time included the trademark, which is a representation of a female figure, standing in a framework, with representations of vessels at sea on one side, and a railway-train upon the other.
- In 1893, the Pharmaceutical Era examined the contents of Barry's Tricopherous and found it to contain 97% alcohol, about 1.5% castor oil, 1% tincture of cantharides (spanish fly), and some fragrant oils.